Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice recently visited
Human Rights Watch provides one example of
September 30, 2005, marked the fortieth anniversary of the alleged coup attempt that precipitated former Indonesian President Soeharto’s rise to power. The Indonesian Communist Party remains banned for allegedly plotting the coup attempt, and former members or supporters continue to suffer discrimination. At least half a million people were killed in anti-communist purges after the coup attempt, and hundreds of thousands more were imprisoned without charge or trial. To date there has been no accountability for atrocities committed in 1965 and 1966. There has also been no legal accounting for the majority of atrocities committed during Soeharto’s more than three decades in power, or for the violence instigated by pro-Soeharto forces in a failed attempt to stave off his 1998 fall from power. (link)
By most accounts the slaughter of 500,000 of
By most accounts the slaughter of 500,000 of
Murdering one-half million people or more is an impressive kill rate, but, of course, they had considerable help from their friends:
Twenty-five years later [after the mass murders in Indonesia], American diplomats disclosed that they had systematically compiled comprehensive lists of "Communist" operatives, from top echelons down to village cadres, and turned over as many as 5,000 names to the Indonesian army, which hunted those persons down and killed them. The Americans would then check off the names of those who had been killed or captured. Robert Martens, a former member of the US Embassy's political section in Jakarta, stated in 1990: "It really was a big help to the army. They probably killed a lot of people, and I probably have a lot of blood on my hands, but that's not all bad. There's a time when you have to strike hard at a decisive moment."
"I know we had a lot more information [about the PKI] than the Indonesians themselves," said
Marshall Green, US Ambassador to at the time of the coup. Martens "told me on a number of occasions that ... the government did not have very good information on the Communist setup, and he gave me the impression that this information was superior to anything they had." Indonesia
"No one cared, as long as they were Communists, that they were being butchered," said Howard Federspiel, who in 1965 was the
expert at the State Department's Bureau of Intelligence and Research. "No one was getting very worked up about it." (link) Indonesia
The Indonesian invasion was launched over the western border on 16 October 1975. The day before the invasion of Dili and subsequent annexation, U.S. President Gerald Ford and Secretary of State Henry Kissinger had met President Suharto in
During the invasion and 24-year occupation, 100,000 to 250,000 people were killed out of an initial population of about 600,000 at the time of the invasion. The attacks on civilian populations were only nominally reported in the western press, especially in the
Therefore, approximately one-third of the people of East Timor were slaughtered by
Throughout the late 1970s and the 1980s, US State Department officials, in statements to the press and in testimony before Congress, consistently supported Indonesia's claim to East Timor (unlike the United Nations and the European Community), and downplayed the slaughter to a remarkable extent. Meanwhile, the omnipresent American military advisers, the training, the weapons, the helicopter gunships, and all the other instruments indispensable to efficient, modern, counter-insurgency warfare, were kept flowing into the hands of the Indonesian military. This may not be all, for Fretilin reported on a number of occasions that American advisers were directing and even participating in the combat. (link)
In short, comparatively speaking, the genocide of one-third of the East Timorese would be the equivalent of an invading and occupying army murdering 92 million Americans. The butchering of the East Timorese didn’t end until the year 2000.
And you paid for the bullets.
Indonesia’s Human Rights Record Today
Not a single high-ranking official in the Indonesian military has ever been brought to trial for the genocide of the East Timorese people:
Not one Indonesian officer has served a day in jail for crimes against humanity inflicted on the people of
But that’s just for
The Indonesian armed forces (Tentara Nasional
Yet Secretary Rice finds such behavior inspiring: “
Doesn’t it make you proud?